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What is a Self-Directed Health Savings Account (HSA)?

self directed health savings account

The IRA Financial Group offers one of the country’s only “Checkbook Control” Self-Directed health savings account. With IRA Financial Group & IRA Financial Trust Company, you can establish and fund an HSA while gaining the ability to invest in what you know, such as real estate, notes, private businesses, options, and even cryptocurrencies.

What is an HSA?

A Health Savings Account (HSA) is a tax advantaged savings account for medical expenses. The IRS introduced the HSA for qualifying taxpayers to receive tax benefits for medical expenses, regardless of whether they itemize or not.

Before you can establish an HSA, you must first have a qualifying high deductible health plan. You can keep the HSA forever, even after you leave a job or change your insurance plan. The contributions you make are completely tax-free, as well as earnings and qualified withdrawals.

What is a High Deductible Health Plan?

You must have a high deductible health plan (HDHP) before you can open an HSA. An HDHP is a category of health insurance plans available from your health insurance provider. One primary benefit of the high deductible health plan is that it offers lower monthly premiums and a higher yearly deductible than most health plans. Additionally, it has a maximum limit on the sum of the annual deductible and out-of-pocket medical expenses you pay.

There are two types of HDHP plans that you can set up. You have the option of choosing the Self-directed plan, which covers one person, or a family coverage plan for multiple persons.

Does your Plan Qualify as a HDHP?

To meet the requirements to qualify as an HDHP plan, it must have a minimum deductible set yearly by the IRS. If the plan has less than the figures below, then it does not qualify as a HDHP.

  • Self-Only Coverage: $1350
  • Family Coverage: $2700
  • Additionally, a qualified HDHP has the following features:
  • In general, costs less than other health plans.
  • Provides quality health insurance.
  • One calendar-year deductible per family.
  • Can pay 100% of covered expenses after deductible is met.

Self-Only Plan vs Family Coverage

If you are married, you and your spouse can establish family plan coverage. If you already have a family coverage but your spouse has self-only coverage, he/she is allowed to use the family coverage. If you both have an HSA, you can contribute up to the family limit together, not separately. In other words, you cannot each contribute up to the family limit.

If you are married with a self-only plan, you can both contribute up to the self-only limit to your respective HSA.

With a family plan, if each person has a deductible, you can contribute only up to the family limit.

2019 HSA Contribution Rules

The 2019 annual contribution limit that individuals with single medical coverage can contribute to a health saving account is $3,500, a slight increase from the 2018 HSA contribution. The annual HSA contribution limit is $7,000 for those covered under qualifying family medical plans. If you’re 55 or older in 2019, you can contribute an additional $1,000, or total of $4,500 to an HSA for singles and $8,000 for families per year.

How does an HSA work?

The HSA is similar to a bank if you have an HDHP. It allows you to make tax-free contributions, which you can invest and allow to grow and compound over time. If you need to pay for a qualified medical expense (QME), you can withdraw money from your HSA, tax free. The self-directed tax specialists will assist you with this process.

Benefits of using an HSA

There are numerous benefits of HSA plans compared to regular health insurance. You save money each month because the premiums are lower, and you are still insured against catastrophe. Your HSA savings account is highly tax advantaged as the funds grow tax-deferred. The HSA is also a great savings plan that can be used for medical expenses, emergencies, job loss, or retirement.

Below are some of the main benefits of establishing an HSA:

  • Ability to claim a deduction for contributions you make that are not pre-tax or made by your employer, even if you don’t itemize your deductions on Schedule A.
  • NEVER taxed when used for qualified medical expenses.
  • Contributions made on your behalf by your employer, including any pre-tax contributions you make through a cafeteria plan, are generally not taxable.
  • Unused contributions remain in your account from year to year.
  • Interest, income, and gains earned on the account is usually tax-free.
  • Distributions used to pay for qualified medical expenses are tax-free.
  • Your account stays with you even if you leave your employer.

Withdrawing Funds from an HSA

In general, any funds you withdraw for non-qualified medical expenses will be taxed at your income-tax rate, plus 20% if you’re under 65.

How to set up an HSA?

Establish a self-directed health savings account with IRA Financial Trust Company. Remember, one can open an HSA if you have a qualifying high deductible health plan. One can contribute to the plan annually on a tax-free basis through your employer, or you contribute on your own and receive a tax deduction on Form 1040, line 25. As you need the funds to pay medical expenses, you receive distributions from the account.

Taking a distribution is quick and easy. As long as the distributions are used to pay medical expenses, there is no tax effect. Simply complete an HSA Distribution Request form and the distribution will be sent to you ASAP. The beauty of the plan is that you get the tax benefit up-front when you contribute to the plan. Any unused funds carry over from year-to-year until you need them.

Advantages:

  • Used to meet your deductible.
  • Tax deductible off of gross income.
  • Grow tax-deferred.
  • Self-directed options – real estate, notes, private business, options, cryptocurrencies & more.
  • Roll over year after year – no “use it or lose it”.
  • Portable, goes with you wherever you go.
  • Health insurance premiums when you’re between jobs.
  • Qualified long-term care premiums.
  • Medicare premiums and out-of-pocket expenses.
  • Living expenses after age 65 (pay ordinary income taxes).

What Investments are Prohibited with an HSA?

If you choose to self-direct your HSA, the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) does not state what you can invest in with a Self-Directed IRA or Solo 401(k) plan. However, it does describe what you cannot invest in, which are few. Under IRC section 408 & 4975, the IRC states you cannot engage in certain types of transactions with a disqualified person, which includes you, the account holder. Disqualified transactions include investing in life insurance or collectibles or engagement directly or indirectly with a disqualified person.

Can I get Checkbook Control with an HSA?

When you self-direct your HSA, you have the ability to choose from a custodian controlled account or an account with checkbook control. If you choose the latter, you will have control over the funds within your Health Savings Account, and the freedom to invest without the consent of a custodian.

Under the checkbook control format, the HSA is set up as a self-directed account that’s capitalized by funds rolled over from your current retirement account. A limited liability company (LLC) is created in which your new HSA purchases all the membership units/interests. Now, your money is held in an LLC and you are ready to invest at your discretion. In order to make an investment, you simply need to write a check, use a debit card or wire funds from the HSA LLC bank account.

With a Self-Directed Health Savings Account, when you find an investment that you want to make with your HSA funds, simply write a check or wire the funds straight from your Self-Directed Health Savings Account LLC bank account to make the investment.

Get in Touch

If you have questions about the Self-Directed Health Savings account that were not answered in this article, contact IRA Financial directly at 800-472-0646. You can also fill out one of our forms to speak with a specialist. For additional information, visit IRA Financial Trust.

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