Roth Solo 401(k) for Real Estate
Using a Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate or other alternative asset investments is very tax beneficial. Federal and state income tax rates may increase. Therefore, it’s important to generate tax-free returns from your retirement investments when you retire.
With IRA Financial Group’s Roth Solo 401(k) plan you can make almost any investment tax-free, including real estate, tax liens, precious metals, currencies, options, and private business investments. Once you hit 59 1/2 you will be able to live off your Roth 401(k) assets without ever paying tax. Imagine that someone tells you can have over a million dollars (tax-free) when you retire.
All you have to do is generate a modest rate of return on your real estate investments and start making Roth 401(k) contributions in your 40s. When you reach 59 1/2 you can use income and gains from your Roth Solo 401(k) plan tax-free and penalty-free. However, your R0th Solo 401(k) must be open for five or more years.
Advantages of Buying Real Estate with a Roth Solo 401(k) for Real Estate
Power of Tax-Free Investing: One of the main attractions to the self-directed Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate is based on the fact that qualified distributions of Roth earnings are tax-free. However, you must meet certain conditions and the distribution has to be qualified. Roth solo 401(k) plan participants will never pay tax on Roth distributions. When you contribute to a Roth Solo 401(k) plan, income and gains you generate can be tax and penalty-free. This is among the main advantages of a Roth Solo 401(k).
Unlike with a pre-tax Solo 401(k) plan, contributions to a Roth Solo 401(k) are not tax deductible. The power of tax-free investing can be best illustrated by the following examples:
Joe, a self-employed consultant began funding a Roth Solo 401(k) plan with $3,000 per year at age 20. He continues this until he reaches age 65. Now at 65, Joe has $2.5 million at retirement. This is assuming he earned the long-run annual compound growth rate in stocks. This was 9.88 percent from 1926 to 2011. Not a bad result for investing only $3,000 a year.
Mary, a self-employed, 30 year old real estate agent begins funding a Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate with $8,000. She wants to know how much she would have at age 70 if she continues to make $8,000 annual contributions and was able to earn at an 8% rate of return. Mary does some research and is astonished that at age 70 she will have a whopping $2,238,248 tax-free. She can live off this money or pass it to her husband or children tax-free.
It may be difficult to comprehend that putting away just a few thousand dollars a year in a Roth Solo 401(k) plan can leave you with millions of dollars tax-free. Yet it’s as simple as making annual contributions to your Roth Solo 401(k) Plan, then generating tax-free returns from real estate or other investments with your Solo 401(k) plan.
High Roth After-Tax Contributions
A Roth Solo 401(k) combines features of the traditional 401(k) with those of the Roth IRA. Like a Solo 401(k) Plan, the Roth Solo 401(k) Plan is perfect for any self-employed individual or small business owner with zero employees. The Roth Solo 401(k) Plan contains the same advantages of a Solo 401(k) Plan. However, as with a Roth IRA, contributions are made with after-tax dollars. While you don’t get an upfront tax-deduction, the Roth 401(k) account grows tax-free, and withdrawals taken during retirement aren’t subject to income tax if you’re 59 1/2. Additionally, you must have the account open for five or more years.
For the 2019 taxable year, an individual under the age of 50 can make an after-tax Roth Solo 401(k) plan contribution of up to $19,000. Whereas, an individual over the age of 50 can make Roth Solo 401(k) plan contributions of up to $25,000 for the 2019 taxable year. As for the employer profit sharing contributions, the employer may make contributions equal to 25% of the plan participant’s W-2 or self-employment income amount. This is up to $56,000 ($62,000 for individuals over the age of 50), including any employee deferrals made by the employee during the year.
The employer profit sharing contributions must be made in pre-tax. However, as of 2013, those employer contributions can be converted immediately to Roth if the solo 401 (k) plan allows for in-plan Roth conversions. You must pay a tax on the Roth conversion amount, but still be able to make Roth contributions of up to $56,000 for the 2019 taxable year. Again, $62,000 if you’re over the age of 50. This is almost 10 Times the amount of an IRA (Individual Retirement Account).
Invest in What You Know & Understand
Many people believe that they need to invest their retirement funds in bank CDs, the stock market or mutual funds. Very few investors know that the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) allows them to make alternative investments with their retirement funds. Real estate is one example of an alternative asset. Real estate investments with a Solo 401(k) are fully allowable by the IRS.
With a Roth 401(k) Plan or Roth 401(k) plan sub-account, you can invest your after-tax funds in real estate, precious metals, tax liens, private business investments, and much more tax-free! Unlike with a pre-tax 401(k) Plan, all income and gains flow back to a Roth 401(k) account tax-free. Of course, you must be 59 1/2, and have the account open for at least five or more years. In other words, you can live off your Roth 401(k) Plan assets or income tax-free.
With federal income tax rates expected to increase, the ability to have a tax-free source of income at retirement may be the difference between retiring early or not at all.
The Advantages of Real Estate Investing
There are several key reasons why real estate has become one of the most popular non-traditional investment options for Solo 401(k) plan investors. First, real estate offers diversification from over-exposure to Wall Street from both personal and retirement funds. After the 2008 financial crisis, many retirement investors began to appreciate the importance of having a retirement portfolio that offers balance and diversification. This helps protect retirement funds against another financial crisis.
The second reason is that people like to invest in something they know and understand. Real estate has fast become an asset class that more and more Americans feel confident in. It offers more reassurance over guessing when stocks will go up or down.
Thirdly, real estate is a hard asset you can touch and see. Buying hard assets, such as real estate is seen as a solid way of protecting retirement assets from the threat of inflation. These advantages, along with the fact that all income and gains from real estate owned in a Roth Solo 401(k) plan is exempt from tax makes real estate an attractive investment for retirement investors.
While an IRA offers no participant loan feature, the Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate allows participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value. This can be for any purpose at a low interest rate (the lowest interest rate is Prime which is 5.50% as of 1/1/19). This offers a Roth Solo 401(k) Plan participant the ability to access up to $50,000 to use for anything, including paying personal debt or funding a business. The Roth Solo 401(k) Plan loan feature can also help a real estate investor fund personal real estate projects with up to $50,000. This is especially attractive to real estate investors facing an unfavorable lending environment.
Use Leverage Without Tax
When an IRA buys real estate that is leveraged with mortgage financing, it creates Unrelated Debt Financed Income (UDFI). This is a type of Unrelated Business Taxable Income (also known as “UBTI or UBIT”) on which taxes must be paid. The UBTI tax is approximately 40% for 2019. Whereas, with a Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate, you can use leverage without being subject to the UDFI rules and UBTI tax. This exemption provides significant tax advantages for using a Roth Solo 401(k) Plan versus an IRA to purchase real estate. In other words, with a Roth Solo 401(k) for real estate, one can super charge their returns with non-recourse leverage. This will increase their real estate investment amount and generate tax-free returns without needing to pay UBTI tax. This is a really attractive and exiting opportunity for real estate investors.